Sweating Slab Syndrome (SSS). SSS happens from moisture that accumulates from the difference between the inside air temperature and the floor temperature. When the air vapor cools down and matches the floor temperature, condensation forms on the concrete, this is also known as concrete sweating.
Safety is a top concern for all businesses. When smooth slabs of concrete are wet, it poses additional safety concerns for workers. Many slip-and-fall accidents happen from slippery surfaces and are one of the most common workers’ compensation claims from occupational injuries. On top of slip-and-fall injuries, a slippery surface can cause equipment to slip and slide, causing severe injuries to employees and staff.
Concrete sweating slab syndrome also contributes to poor air quality and undesirable indoor environmental conditions. Moisture causes mold and fungus. Not only can it ruin contents and inventory, but it also poses an air quality safety risk for everyone in the building.
The buildup of moisture from temperature swings doesn’t just affect people and concrete floors. Moisture problems can also cause machinery and materials to sweat. In addition to the primary safety concerns from moisture on concrete slabs, moisture in the air and on surfaces can also damage inventory, machinery, and the building structure itself.
How can you keep your employees safe from sweaty slabs? No sweat no problem! MacroAir has your back and keeps the air moving.
What Causes Moisture on Concrete Slabs or What Causes Concrete to Sweat?
Basically, everything can experience sweating slab syndrome after cooling down during hot or humid temperatures. Moisture, as you would guess, is the underlying cause of sweating on concrete floor slabs.
This usually happens when concrete slabs and the other materials that sweat reach dew point temperature. Usually, warm, moist air and relative humidity enter the structure through several openings (windows, doorways, and vents). As air diffuses, it condenses on surfaces that are at or below dew point temperature.
Another factor that can cause Sweating Slab Syndrome is salt deposits on the surface of the slab. In such situations, the hygroscopic nature of salt will act to attract moisture from the air onto the surface of the concrete slab. Sometimes this salt even draws water from within the concrete.
Sweating Slab Syndrome Fix! MacroAir Big Fans
Keep your facility cooler and moisture-free with MacroAir HVLS Fans. When you don’t want your employees or your concrete slab to sweat, find the perfect HVLS fan to keep them dry.
Subject matter expert, Jason Hornsby lends insight into the issue of sweating slab and the impact it has on facility operations.
“Imagine a forklift sweating oil onto the floor, machinery sweating grease. These lubricants, combined with sweating machinery and slabs, creates very serious hazards for employees.”
So, what can be done to avoid the risks of excessive moisture content and costs associated with sweating concrete slabs?If you have ever been in a warehouse or industrial facility in the South, you are most likely familiar with
Here are 6 Ways to Reduce Concrete Floor Condensation:
1. Dry Out Your Warehouse and Materials Using Air Movement
Sometimes you come in the early morning, and you find your concrete flooring or slab soaking wet,
“just sweating.” Industry expert Jason Hornsby sees this common problem with his clients. “For my clients in the South, sweating slab is a big issue due to the humidity. If they have a high volume, low-speed fan they can come into work, turn it on, and within an hour or less, it’s totally dry. Some people even say that if they know they’re going to be getting those temperature swings that certain time of the year, then they could just leave the fans on all night, and the floors won’t sweat.”
One other tip is to try to keep the air and the concrete floor temperature levels close to the same. One way to do this is to turn down the air conditioning and turn up the heat. An HVLS fan can help regulate the fluctuating temperatures while keeping costs down and prevent moisture problems on a concrete floor.
2. Prevent Moisture on Industrial Concrete Floors with Good Housekeeping Practices
Always remove any deposits and excess moisture from the surface of your slabs. An excellent way to do this is to use commercial cleaning agents to scrub your floors and vacuum your machines. This is an important safety measure for employees, and it protects your assets. If possible, seal the concrete to keep out moisture with a penetrating sealer. It is recommended to use a concrete densifier primer, and then a stain repellent that penetrates the concrete. This will help prevent a moisture problem.
3. Re-examine Air Movement Within the Facility
Often, sweating slabs occur because the air inside the structure can’t easily flow out. If the air movement inside the building isn’t sufficient, it is necessary to find a means to de-stratify the air and reduce the relative humidity levels. An HVLS fan not only helps de-stratify the air but also helps keep your employees cool and comfortable by reducing moisture content in the air. We’ve also seen massive improvements in air quality with ceiling fans and other tips.
4. Use HVLS Ceiling Fans to Reduce Ceiling-to-Floor Temperature Differential
HVLS or High Volume Low Speed fans also increase the floor surface evaporation rate, minimizing moisture content in the air. These fans provide cost-effective ways to keep your structures cool, increasing drying while preventing the buildup of moisture on your floors. The end result is comfort and safety.
5. Install Commercial Dehumidification Units
Although these are costly units that add to your overall energy bill, they are known to alter the interior building humidity environment, which may help reduce or eliminate SSS caused by moisture on a concrete surface.
6. Use Low-Permeance, Low-Slab Retarders to Reduce Moisture Damage
This can prove particularly effective when products are stored directly on the floor. They tend to reduce the possibility of moisture rising and condensing beneath stored products.
Mysteriously enough, even if you do not have bare concrete floors and you have carpet, floor tiles, vinyl, or wood flooring, moisture and condensation can still cause Sweating Slab Syndrome with temperature fluctuations. Moisture under the flooring laid over concrete floor slab can ruin the adhesive that holds the top flooring in place.
Check out MacroAir’s HVLS fans to learn which fan is right for your commercial building to prevent sweating slab syndrome and moisture accumulation.
How to Spot a Moisture Condition on a Concrete Floor
Moisture vapor transmission can lead to large expenditures, repairs, and even production downtime, which can result in loss of revenue. While your concrete floor may seem fine, there are a few things to look for.
- Do you notice damp spots or dark discoloration on the concrete slab? This could be slab moisture.
- Are there unexplainable cracks or splits in the concrete?
- Does your concrete slab have a white residue? If so, this could be alkali/salt deposits from condensed moisture vapor on your concrete flooring.
- Do you smell musty, mold growth, or mildew in your building?
- Do you notice black spots along the bottom of walls, other flooring material, machines, or inventory?
- Does your building have unusually moist air?
Keep in mind, the earlier you notice a moisture condition in the building, the quicker you can take necessary measures.
A Moisture Issue Affects More Than Concrete – Even Metals Sweat
Interestingly, even metals in most structures can sweat! At an aluminum company in the humid South, the company ran into issues with their metals sweating. In particular, they had a lot of black iron, and once it would sweat, it would begin to rust. The rusting of their black metal resulted in a significant loss to the value of their inventory. The metal was actually trying to change the temperature, and as a result, it caused a buildup of condensation.
When temperatures fluctuate in the spring and fall, you may end up with cool nights and hot days. Many of those days are with high humidity. You can help reduce humidity on your concrete floors and metal surfaces by creating more airflow throughout the building to create a more even temperature with thermal equalization.
Combating sweaty slab and their impact on a valuable product is a very important issue.
Preventing Moisture on Concrete Floors
Many industries and companies have concrete flooring, and most everyone has experienced sweating concrete floor slabs. Moisture in concrete slabs poses a considerable risk for workers along the corridors, so it’s important that you deal with it as soon as possible. More often than not, this is climate and temperature-related, and blasting your AC won’t get to the root of the problem.
Adequately combating slab moisture with HVLS fans will help protect your machinery, product, and building, by minimizing mold and mildew on a concrete floor slab, and, most importantly, addressing the safety of your employees in a cost-effective way.
Jason Hornsby is the owner/ president of Vector Sales and the regional sales rep for MacroAir Fans. An expert with high volume, low-speed fans, Jason has spent more than 22 years focused on cooling solutions for industrial facilities that increase employee comfort and decrease energy consumption.
Have you ever had to deal with concrete sweating? Leave a comment below and tell us about your experience.